During the latest seventeenth century, the newest Alawites, other sharifian loved ones, had founded by themselves during the Tafilalet (Sijilmassa region)

| April 23, 2022 | 0 Comments

During the latest seventeenth century, the newest Alawites, other sharifian loved ones, had founded by themselves during the Tafilalet (Sijilmassa region)

Yusuf ibn Ali al-Sanhaji (“Sidi Yussef Ben Ali”, d

Following the loss of brand new Alawite scion Ali al-Sharif when you look at the 1640, their man Muley Muhammad turned the head of the family members and you may extended its popularity in your town. Doing 1659, certainly one of Muhammed’s brothers, Muley al-Rashid is expelled from Tafilalet (otherwise kept by himself agreement) and you may continued so you’re able to wander as much as Morocco, ultimately repaying during the Taza, where the guy easily were able to carve away a small fief for himself. Muley Muhammad, who had his personal hopes and dreams along the nation, encountered their aunt, however, is outdone and slain outside Taza for the 1664. Al-Rashid captured the household dominions out of Talifalet as well as the Draa area (and this Muhammad had conquered in 1660). With these increased angles, Muley al-Rashid had the wherewithal so you can discharge a campaign out-of conquest over the rest of Morocco.

Al-Rashid been his campaign of Taza on the north and you may entered Fez inside 1666, where he had been announced sultan. A couple of years after, he defeated the Dili marabouts that controlled the middle Atlas. Muley al-Rashid continued southern area to fully capture Marrakesh inside the 1669, massacring the fresh Shabana Arabs in the act. Then continued on to the Sous, conquering they by 1670, thereby reunifying Morocco (save towards coastal elements, which would take some extended). Al-Rashid is sometimes credited for the constructing the brand new shrine and you can mosque regarding Qadi Iyad (“Cadi Ayyad”) into the Marrakesh, where remains from his father, Ali al-Sharif, base of the Alawite dynasty, have been translated. Two later Alawite rulers (Moulay Suleiman and you will Muhammad IV) would prefer become buried here as well.

Ismail’s abuse off Marrakesh don’t avoid there

Towards the al-Rashid’s passing in April 1672, Marrakesh would not claim allegiance to help you his sis and replacement Ismail Ibn Sharif, who’d served while the vice-roy in Fez. Instead, Marrakeshis chosen his nephew Ahmad ibn Muhriz . Ismail punctually marched south, beaten Ahmad and you may entered Marrakesh inside the June 1672. However, Ibn Muhriz escaped and escaped on the Sous, off whence he would get back from inside the 1674, grab Marrakesh back and fortify himself truth be told there. Ismail are compelled to come back and you can put a-two-year siege towards the town. Marrakesh in the end fell so you’re able to physical violence in the Summer 1677, which go out Muley Ismail grabbed their payback with the city, providing they off to the bedroom. Ibn Muhriz, yet not, got fled with the Sous again and you may would is actually a few far more times to recuperate they, up to he had been eventually tracked off and you may killed within the 1687.

Ismail based his money at the Meknes, erecting their royal palaces there with materials stripped on the palaces and you can buildings from Marrakesh. Most of this new Kasbah, lovingly collected of the Saadians, is stripped bare and you may kept within the spoils, as were almost every other Saadian palaces in town. Al-Mansur’s great al-Badi palace is virtually dismantled and carted off to Meknes, the latest Abu al-Hasan Madrasa completely thus.

Nonetheless, Ismail’s legacy inside the Marrakesh was not purely harmful. Ismail translated of numerous tombs regarding Sufi saints in your community so you can Marrakesh, and you can erected multiple the new shrines in their eyes. Seeking to replicate the good pilgrimage festivals off Essaouira, Ismail expected the new Sufi sheikh Abu Ali al-Hassan al-Yusi to select 7 of them to act as new “7 Saints” (Sab’atu Rijal) out of Marrakesh, and you will created another type of pilgrimage event. For 1 week within the later February, the pilgrims need certainly to see all of the eight shrines into the expected purchase (around anticlockwise): step one. 1197), just away from Bab Aghmat regarding the southern area of, 2. Qadi Iyad (“Cadi Ayyad ben Moussa”, d.1149), within the Bab Aylan regarding the east, step three. Abu al-Abbas al-Sabti (“Sidi Bel Abbes”, d.1204), by the Bab Taghzout throughout the north (note: the fresh pilgrimage channel of two to three passes constantly outside the east city wall structure, and you may lso are-comes into on Bab el-Khemis, in order to touching the fresh new shrines out-of Sidi el-Djebbab and you can Sidi Ghanem in the act, even though they commonly an element of the Seven); regarding Bab Tahgzhout, this new pilgrimage path brains straight southern through the middle of the city, going to within the succession the latest shrines regarding cuatro. Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (“Sidi Ben Slimane”, d. 1465), merely southern the earlier, 5. Abd al-Aziz al-Tabba (“Sidi Abdel Aziz el-Harrar”, 1508), simply to the west of the fresh new Ben Youssef Mosque, six. Abdallah al-Ghazwani (“Sidi Mouley el-Ksour”, d.1528), following next the brand new al-Mouassine Mosque upcoming exiting the town once more, from Bab al-Robb gate (west of the brand new Kasbah) to reach the final shrine 7. Abd al-Rahman al-Suhayli (“Sidi parece-Souheli”, d.1185), outside the city into the southwestern.

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